The studies that informed Woman of Substances



The studies that informed Woman of Substances

Predictors of
a problem


Degenhardt, L., Hall, W. (2012). Extent of Illicit Drug Use and Dependence, and Their Contribution to the Global Burden of Disease. The Lancet 379.9810: 55-70.

Duncan, J. (2012). Friction and addiction: the use of illicit drugs in Australian researchThe Conversation. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://theconversation.com/friction-and-addiction-the-use-of-illicit-drugs-in-australian-research-8131

Heyman, G. M. (2013). Addiction and Choice: Theory and New Data. Frontiers in Psychiatry4, 31. 


ABC. (2017). Life at Seven: Tackling Temperament. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from www.abc.net.au/tv/life/the_science/TACKLINGTEMPERAMENT.htm

Australian Institute of Family Studies. (2016). Australian Temperament Project. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from www3.aifs.gov.au/atp

Bergland, C. (2014). Chronic stress can damage brain structure and connectivity. Psychology Today, 12.

Brady, K. T., & Back, S. E. (2012). Childhood trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder, and alcohol dependence. Alcohol Research-Current Reviews, 34(4), 408.

Brain & Behaviour Research Foundation. (2013). A Prescription for Resilience: World Expert Helps Explain What Can Make Us Stronger in the Face of Adversity. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from https://bbrfoundation.org/discoveries/a-prescription-for-resilience-world-expert-helps-explain-what-can-make-us-stronger-in

Carter, A., & Hall, W. (2011). Addiction neuroethics: The promises and perils of neuroscience research on addiction. Cambridge University Press.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). Retrieved 1 March 2017, from https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/acestudy/index.html

Cicchetti, D. (2010). Resilience under conditions of extreme stress: a multilevel perspective. World Psychiatry, 9(3), 145-154.

Cutajar, M. C., Ogloff, J. R. P., & Mullen, P. E. (2011). Child sexual abuse and subsequent offending and victimisation: A 45 year follow up study. Report to the Criminology Research Council. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://crg.aic.gov.au/reports/0910-13.pdf 

Enoch, M. A. (2011). The role of early life stress as a predictor for alcohol and drug dependence. Psychopharmacology, 214(1), 17-31.

Gabbay, V., Mao, X., Klein, R. G., Ely, B. A., Babb, J. S., Panzer, A. M., ... & Shungu, D. C. (2012). Anterior cingulate cortexγ-aminobutyric acid in depressed adolescents: relationship to anhedonia. Archives of general psychiatry, 69(2), 139-149.

Harvard University, Center on the Developing Child. (2017). Resilience. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://developingchild.harvard.edu/science/key-concepts/resilience/

Harvard University, Center on the Developing Child. (2017). Toxic stress. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://developingchild.harvard.edu/science/key-concepts/toxic-stress/

Hiller-Sturmhofel, S., & Swartzwelder, H. S. (2004). Alcohol's effects on the adolescent brain: what can be learned from animal models. Alcohol Research and Health, 28(4), 213.

Horton, M. J. (2015). What the heck is epigenetics? Retrieved 1 March 2017, from https://www.addiction.com/8426/what-the-heck-is-epigenetics/

Meaney, M. J., Brake, W., & Gratton, A. (2002). Environmental regulation of the development of mesolimbic dopamine systems: a neurobiological mechanism for vulnerability to drug abuse?. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 27(1), 127-138.

Milivojevic, D., Milovanovic, S., Jovanovic, M., Svrakic, D., Svrakic, N., Svrakic, S., & Cloninger, C. (2012). Temperament and character modify risk of drug addiction and influence choice of drugs. The American Journal On Addictions21(5), 462-467.

Price-Robertson, R., Bromfield, L., & Vassallo, S. (2010). The prevalence of child abuse and neglect. Australian Institute of Family Studies.

Prior, M., Sanson, A., Smart, D., & Oberklaid, F. (2000). Pathways from infancy to adolescence: Australian Temperament Project 1983–2000. Melbourne, Australia: Australian Institute of Family Studies.

Quadara, A., Stathopoulos, M., & Jenkinson, R. (2015). Establishing the connection between alcohol and other drug use and sexual victimisation: State of knowledge paper.

Ronken, C. & Johnston, H. (2015). Child Sexual Assault Facts and Statistics. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from https://bravehearts.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Facts-and-Stats_updated.pdf

Rundle, G. (2001). Addiction and postmodern society. The Australian Fabian Society and Arena Publications Blue Book Series, Blue Book number 3, Australian Fabian Society Pamphlet Number 58, pp BB10-BB11.

Seligman, M. E., Reivich, K., Jaycox, L., Gillham, J., & Kidman, A. D. (1995). The Optimistic Child. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Shonkoff, J. P., Boyce, W. T., Cameron, J., Duncan, G. J., Fox, N. A., & Greenough, W. T. (2004). Children’s emotional development is built into the architecture of their brains (National Scientific Council on the Developing Child)[PDF Document].

Smith, J., & Prior, M. (1995). Temperament and stress resilience in school-age children: A within-families study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 34(2), 168-179.

South Easter Centre Against Sexual Assault & Family Violence. (2015). Statistics on Sexual Abuse. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.secasa.com.au/pages/beyond-sexual-abuse-enhancing-gps-responses/statistics-on-sexual-abuse/

Swan, N. (1998). Early childhood behavior and temperament predict later substance use. NIDA Notes. National Institute on Drug Abuse, 13(2).

Teicher, M. H., Anderson, C. M., Ohashi, K., & Polcari, A. (2014). Childhood maltreatment: altered network centrality of cingulate, precuneus, temporal pole and insula. Biological psychiatry, 76(4), 297-305.

Windle, M., Windle, R. C., Scheidt, D. M., & Miller, G. B. (1995). Physical and sexual abuse and associated mental disorders among alcoholic inpatients. The American journal of psychiatry, 152(9), 1322.


AIHW 2014. National Drug Strategy Household Survey detailed report: 2013. Drug statistics series no. 28. Cat. no. PHE 183. Canberra: AIHW.

BBC News. (2013). Alcohol deaths in young women show worrying rise. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from www.bbc.com/news/health-23358078

Dingle, G. A., Cruwys, T., & Frings, D. (2014). Social identities as pathways into and out of addiction. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1795-1795.

Hyde, Z., Doherty, M., Tilley, P. M., McCaul, K., Rooney, R., & Jancey, J. (2014). The first Australian national trans mental health study: Summary of results. Curtin University-School of Public Health.

Khantzian, E. J. (2012). Reflections on treating addictive disorders: A psychodynamic perspective. The American Journal on Addictions, 21(3), 274-279.

Shipton, D., Whyte, B., & Walsh, D. (2013). Alcohol-related mortality in deprived UK cities: worrying trends in young women challenge recent national downward trends. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, jech-2013.

Zucker, A. N., & Landry, L. J. (2007). Embodied discrimination: The relation of sexism and distress to women’s drinking and smoking behaviors. Sex Roles, 56(3-4), 193-203.


Bandura, A. (1994). Self-efficacy in VS Ramachaudran (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, 4, 71-81. New York: Academic Press.

Berlin, H. A., & Hollander, E. (2008). Understanding the differences between impulsivity and compulsivity. Psychiatric Times, 25(8), 58-58.

Cross, C. P., Copping, L. T., & Campbell, A. (2011). Sex differences in impulsivity: a meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 137(1), 97.

Dalley, J. W., Everitt. B. J. (2011). Impulsivity, compulsivity, and top-down cognitive control. Neuron 69.4: 680-694.

Dawe, S., Gullo, M. J., & Loxton, N. J. (2004). Reward drive and rash impulsiveness as dimensions of impulsivity: implications for substance misuse. Addictive Behaviors, 29(7), 1389-1405.

Everitt, B. J., Robbins, T. W. (2016). Drug addiction: updating actions to habits to compulsions ten years on. Annual Review of Psychology 67.1: 23-50.

Gullo, M. J., Dawe, S., Kambouropoulos, N., Staiger, P. K., & Jackson, C. J. (2010). Alcohol expectancies and drinking refusal self‐efficacy mediate the association of impulsivity with alcohol misuse. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 34(8), 1386-1399.

Gullo, M. J., Loxton, N. J., & Dawe, S. (2014). Impulsivity: Four ways five factors are not basic to addiction. Addictive Behaviors, 39(11), 1547-1556.

Kong, G., Smith, A. E., McMahon, T. J., Cavallo, D. A., Schepis, T. S., Desai, R. A., ... & Krishnan-Sarin, S. (2013). Pubertal status, sensation-seeking, impulsivity, and substance use in high-school-aged boys and girls. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 7(2), 116.

Lammers, J., Kuntsche, E., Engels, R. C., Wiers, R. W., & Kleinjan, M. (2013). Mediational relations of substance use risk profiles, alcohol-related outcomes, and drinking motives among young adolescents in the Netherlands. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 133(2), 571-579.

Milivojevic, D., Milovanovic, S. D., Jovanovic, M., Svrakic, D. M., Svrakic, N. M., Svrakic, S. M., & Cloninger, C. R. (2012). Temperament and character modify risk of drug addiction and influence choice of drugs. The American Journal on Addictions, 21(5), 462-467.

Mitchell, M. R., & Potenza, M. N. (2015). Importance of sex differences in impulse control and addictions. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 6, 24.

Moffitt, T. E., Arseneault, L., Belsky, D., Dickson, N., Hancox, R. J., Harrington, H., ... & Sears, M. R. (2011). A gradient of childhood self-control predicts health, wealth, and public safety. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(7), 2693-2698.

National Institute of Mental Health. (2011). The Teen Brain: Still Under Construction. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/the-teen-brain-still-under-construction/index.shtml?utm_source=LifeSiteNews.com+Daily+Newsletter&utm_campaign=2c0fa9560b-LifeSiteNews_com_Intl_Full_Text_12_18_2012

Spear, L. P. (2002). Alcohol's effects on adolescents. Alcohol Research and Health, 26(4), 287-291.

Squeglia, L. M., Tapert, S. F., Sullivan, E. V., Jacobus, J., Meloy, M. J., Rohlfing, T., & Pfefferbaum, A. (2015). Brain development in heavy-drinking adolescents. American Journal of Psychiatry, 172(6), 531-542.

Squeglia, L. M., Spadoni, A. D., Infante, M. A., Myers, M. G., & Tapert, S. F. (2009). Initiating moderate to heavy alcohol use predicts changes in neuropsychological functioning for adolescent girls and boys. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 23(4), 715.

Stacey, D., Bilbao, A., Maroteaux, M., Jia, T., Easton, A. C., Longueville, S., ... & Carvalho, F. (2012). RASGRF2 regulates alcohol-induced reinforcement by influencing mesolimbic dopamine neuron activity and dopamine release. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(51), 21128-21133.

Szalavitz, M. (2016). Unbroken Brain: A Revolutionary New Way of Understanding Addiction. UK: St. Martin's Press.

Waldeck, T. L., & Miller, L. S. (1997). Gender and impulsivity differences in licit substance use. Journal of Substance Abuse, 9, 269-275.

Weissenborn, R., Duka, T. (2003). Acute alcohol effects on cognitive function in social drinkers: their relationship to drinking habits. Psychopharmacology, 165, 306-312.

White, A.M., Truesdale, M C., Bae, J.G., Ahmad, S., Wilson, W.A., Best, P.J., Swartzwelder, H.S. (2002). Differential effects of ethanol on motor coordination in adolescent and adult rats. Pharmocology, Biochemistry and Behavior, 73:3, 673-677.

Zald, D.H., Cowan, R.L., Riccardi, P., Baldwin, R., Ansari, M.S, Li, R., Shelby, E.S., Smith, C.E., McHugo, M., Kessler, R.M. (2008). Midbrain dopamine autoreceptor availability is inversely associated with novelty seeking traits in humans. Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 14372-14378.


Barratt Impulsiveness Scale

Zuckerman Sensation-Seeking Scale

Carver and White’s Fun-Seeking Scale

Cloninger’s TCI assessment of personality




Biederman, J., Ball, S. W., Monuteaux, M. C., Surman, C. B., Johnson, J. L., & Zeitlin, S. (2007). Are girls with ADHD at risk for eating disorders? Results from a controlled, five-year prospective study. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 28(4), 302-307.

Broft, A., Shingleton, R., Kaufman, J., Liu, F., Kumar, D., Slifstein, M., ... & Martinez, D. (2012). Striatal dopamine in bulimia nervosa: a PET imaging study. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 45(5), 648-656.

Craft, N. (2013). Food for Thought: Should AOD clinicians routinely screen for eating disorders? Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.vaada.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/2-Naomi-Crafti.pdf

Davis, C., Loxton, N. J., Levitan, R. D., Kaplan, A. S., Carter, J. C., & Kennedy, J. L. (2013). ‘Food addiction’ and its association with a dopaminergic multilocus genetic profile. Physiology & Behavior, 118, 63-69.

Englander, E. (2012). Digital Self-Harm: Frequency, Type, Motivations and Outcomes. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://webhost.bridgew.edu/marc/DIGITAL%20SELF%20HARM%20report.pdf)

Kane, T.A., Loxton, N., Staiger, P., & Dawe, S. (2004). Does the tendency to act impulsively underlie binge eating and binge drinking problems? An empirical investigation. Personality and Individual Differences. 36, 83-94.

Lerma-Cabrera, J. M., Carvajal, F., & Lopez-Legarrea, P. (2016). Food addiction as a new piece of the obesity framework. Nutrition Journal, 15(1), 5.

Loxton, N. J., & Dawe, S. (2001). Alcohol abuse and dysfunctional eating in adolescent girls: The influence of individual differences in sensitivity to reward and punishment. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 29(4), 455-462.

Loxton, N. J., & Dawe, S. (2009). Personality and eating disorders. In P. J. Corr & G. Matthews (Eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology (pp. 687-703). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Masuda, A., & Latzman, R. D. (2012). Psychological flexibility and self-concealment as predictors of disordered eating symptoms. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 1(1), 49-54.

Mind Frame – National Media Initiative. (2014). Self-harm in Australia. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.mindframe-media.info/for-universities/facts/mental-illness?a=3256

National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA). (2003). Food for Thought: Substance Abuse and Eating Disorders. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.centeronaddiction.org/addiction-research/reports/food-thought-substance-abuse-and-eating-disorders

Osgood, K. (2014). How to disappear completely: On modern anorexia. The Overlook Press.

Parenting Teens. (2016). How social media is destroying the lives of teen girls. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/parenting/teens/how-social-media-is-destroying-the-lives-of-teen-girls/news-story/2f6e6cc1776c1d390cce7b964ac18987

Porter, J. Addiction and attachment theory. Academia. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.academia.edu/3491179/Addiction_and_Attachment_Theory

Ressler, A. (2008). Insatiable hungers: eating disorders and substance abuse. Social Work Today, 8(4), 30.

The Guardian (2014). Hannah Smith wrote ‘vile’ posts to herself before suicide, say police. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/may/06/hannah-smith-suicide-teenager-cyber-bullying-inquests

Vandereycken, W., & Van Humbeeck, I. (2008). Denial and concealment of eating disorders: a retrospective survey. European Eating Disorders Review, 16(2), 109-114.

Volkow, N. D., Wang, G. J., Fowler, J. S., Tomasi, D., Telang, F., & Baler, R. (2010). Addiction: decreased reward sensitivity and increased expectation sensitivity conspire to overwhelm the brain's control circuit. Bioessays, 32(9), 748-755.


Back, S. E., Payne, R., Waldrop, A. E., Smith, A., Reeves, S., & Brady, K. T. (2009). Prescription opioid aberrant behaviors: a pilot study of gender differences. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 25(6), 477.

Drug Enforcement Administration. Methyphenidate (Ritalin). Retrieved 1 March 2017, from https://www.dea.gov/druginfo/concern_meth.shtml

Hirschfeld, R. M., & Vornik, L. A. (2005). Bipolar disorder – costs and comorbidity. American Journal of Managed Care, 11(3 Suppl), S85-S90.

Mancebo, Maria C. et al (2009). Substance use disorders in an obsessive compulsive disorder clinical sample. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 23.4: 429-435

McCarthy, L. F. ADHD and Hormones: Symptoms in Teen Girls, Women. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.additudemag.com/adhd/article/5245.html

Metzl, J. M. (2003). ‘Mother's Little Helper’: The crisis of psychoanalysis and the Miltown resolution. Gender & History, 15(2), 228-255.

Newmark, S. (2015). A true ADHD epidemic or an epidemic of overdiagnosis?

Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.psychiatryadvisor.com/adhd/a-true-adhd-epidemic-or-an-epidemic-of-overdiagnosis/article/429034/

O’Leary, C. (2016, December 7). Spike in young children on ADHD drugs. The West Australian. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from https://au.news.yahoo.com/thewest/.

Ocana, A. M. (2010). ADHD and comorbid substance use disorder. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/adhd/adhd-and-comorbid-substance-use-disorder

Ohlmeier, M. D., Peters, K., Kordon, A., Seifert, J., Te Wildt, B., Wiese, B., ... & Schneider, U. (2007). Nicotine and alcohol dependence in patients with comorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Alcohol and Alcoholism, 42(6), 539-543.

Quartz. (2016). Decades in failing to recognise ADHD in girls has created a ‘lost generation’ of women. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://qz.com/592364/decades-of-failing-to-recognize-adhd-in-girls-has-created-a-lost-generation-of-women/

Ruscio, A. M., Stein, D. J., Chiu, W.T., Kessler, R. C. (2010). The epidemiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Molecular Psychiatry, 15, 53–63.

Sigler, E. ADHD Is Not a Male Disorder. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.additudemag.com/adhd/article/740.html

van Emmerik-van Oortmerssen, K., van de Glind, G., van den Brink, W., Smit, F., Crunelle, C. L., Swets, M., & Schoevers, R. A. (2012). Prevalence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in substance use disorder patients: a meta-analysis and meta-regression analysis. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 122(1), 11-19.

Ussher, Jane M. (2011). The madness of women: myth and experience. London: Routledge.

Whitely, M. (2011). Perth’s Dexamphetamine Hangover. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://speedupsitstill.com/2011/07/19/perth%E2%80%99s-dexamphetamine-hangover-3/

Whitely, M. P. (2014). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Policy, Practice and Regulatory Capture in Australia 1992–2012. (Thesis) Curtin University.


 Bryant, J. & Treloar, C. (2007). The gendered context of initiation to injecting drug use: evidence for women as active initiates. Drug and Alcohol Review26(3), 287-293.

Doherty, M., Garfein, R., Monterroso, E., Latkin, C., & Vlahov, D. (2000). Gender differences in the initiation of injection drug use among young adults. Journal of Urban Health77(3), 396-414.

Powis, B., Griffiths, P., Gossop, M., & Strang, J. (1996). The Differences between Male and Female Drug Users: Community Samples of Heroin and Cocaine Users Compared. Substance Use & Misuse31(5), 529-543.

Rowe, J. (2011). Shantusi: Surveying HIV and need in the unregulated sex industry, Inner South Community Health Service: Melbourne.

Rowe, J. (2006). Street walking blues: sex work, St Kilda and the street (1st ed.). Melbourne: RMIT Publishing.

Simmons, J., Rajan, S., & McMahon, J. (2012). Retrospective accounts of injection initiation in intimate partnerships. International Journal of Drug Policy23(4), 303-311.

Simpson, J., Grant, K., Daly, P., Kelley, S., Carlo, G., & Bevins, R. (2016). Psychological Burden and Gender Differences in Methamphetamine-Dependent Individuals in Treatment. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs48(4), 261-269.

Stevens, R. (2015). Mother of three reveals devastating impact of iceNorthern Star. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.northernstar.com.au/news/casino-ice-addict-warns-destroys-life/2646522/


Angell, M. (2011). The Illusions of PsychiatryThe New York Review of Books. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.nybooks.com/articles/2011/07/14/illusions-of-psychiatry/

Blue Knot Foundation (n.d.). Complex Trauma and Trauma-Informed Practice GuidelinesBlueknot.org.au. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.blueknot.org.au/ABOUT-US/Our-Documents/Practice-Guidelines

BPD Awareness (n.d.). What is Borderline Personality Disorder?BPD Awareness Week. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.bpdawareness.com.au

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (US) (n.d.). Trauma-informed care in behavioral health services (1st ed.). USA: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US).

Christen, Y. & Davidson, N. (1991). Sex Differences (1st ed.). Somerset, NJ: Transaction Publishers.

Diamond, S. (2011). What Motivates Sexual Promiscuity?Psychology Today. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/evil-deeds/201111/what-motivates-sexual-promiscuity

Donato, J. (2011). 'Am I A Sex Addict?'The Huffington Post. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/jill-di-donato/sex-addiction-dsm-v_b_914318.html

Erez, G., Pilver, C., & Potenza, M. (2014). Gender-related differences in the associations between sexual impulsivity and psychiatric disorders. Journal of Psychiatric Research55, 117-125.

Garcia, J., MacKillop, J., Aller, E., Merriwether, A., Wilson, D., & Lum, J. (2010). Associations between Dopamine D4 Receptor Gene Variation with Both Infidelity and Sexual Promiscuity. Plos ONE5(11), e14162.

Higginbotham, J. Borderline Personality Disorder: Patriarchal Boundaries of Sanity, Self, and Sex. Vanderbilt University.

Holland, Julie. (Eds) (2001). Ecstasy: the complete guide: a comprehensive look at the risks and benefits of MDMA. Rochester, Vt.: Park Street Press.

Kafka, M. (2009). Hypersexual Disorder: A Proposed Diagnosis for DSM-V. Archives of Sexual Behavior39(2), 377-400.

Kaplan, M. (1983). A woman's view of DSM-III. American Psychologist38(7), 786-792.

Kulkarni, J. (2015). Borderline personality disorder is a hurtful label for real suffering – time we changed itThe Conversation. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from https://theconversation.com/borderline-personality-disorder-is-a-hurtful-label-for-real-suffering-time-we-changed-it-41760

Latham, T. (2011). In bed with big pharma. Psychology Today. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/therapy-matters/201107/in-bed-big-pharma

Lecomte, T., Paquin, K., Mueser, K., MacEwan, G., Goldner, E., & Thornton, A. et al. (2013). Relationships among depression, PTSD, methamphetamine abuse, and psychosis. Journal of Dual Diagnosis9(2), 115-122.

Lilienfeld, S. & Arkowitz, H. (2012). The Truth about Borderline PersonalitiesScientific American. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-truth-about-borderline/

Linehan, M. (1993). Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder. The Guildford Press.

MDMA-Assisted Therapy for PTSD. (2014, October 14). Retrieved 14 March 2017, from http://www.thedoctorstv.com/articles/2755-mdma-assisted-therapy-for-ptsd.

Morton, J. (2015). Understanding and treating people with severe emotional and interpersonal issues- A guide for AOD clinicians. Turning Point: Melbourne

Sansone, R. A., & Sansone, L. A. (2011). Substance use disorders and borderline personality: common bedfellows. Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience8(9), 10–13

Skodol, A. & Bender, D. (2003). Why are women diagnosed borderline more than men?. Psychiatric Quarterly74(4), 349-360.

Ussher, J. (2010). Are we medicalizing women's misery? A critical review of women's higher rates of reported depression. Feminism & Psychology20(1), 9-35.

Ussher, J. & Perz, J. (2011). PMS as a gendered illness linked to the construction and relational experience of hetero-femininity. Sex Roles68(1-2), 132-150.

Ussher, J. (2013). Diagnosing difficult women and pathologising femininity: Gender bias in psychiatric nosology. Feminism & Psychology23(1), 63-69.

Ussher, J. (2013). DSM-5 helps perpetuate the myth of women's madnessThe Conversation. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from https://theconversation.com/dsm-5-helps-perpetuate-the-myth-of-womens-madness-14508 


Abbey A, Zawacki T, Buck P, Clinton M, McAuslan P. (2010). Alcohol and sexual assault. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism publications. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh25-1/43-51.htm

Adams, S. (2009). Date-rape drink spiking 'an urban legend'Telegraph. Retrieved 2 March 2017, from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/crime/6440589/Date-rape-drink-spiking-an-urban-legend.html

Anderson, S. (2015). Sexual assault: How common is it in Australia?SBS News. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2015/07/17/sexual-assault-how-common-it-australia

Australian Institute of Family Studies (2003). Beyond 'drink spiking' - Australian data sources on prevalence. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from https://aifs.gov.au/publications/beyond-drink-spiking/australian-data-sources-prevalence

Australian Institute of Family Studies (2003). Media responses: Urban myths and irresponsible women. Retrieved 2 March 2017, from https://aifs.gov.au/publications/beyond-drink-spiking/media-responses-urban-myths-and-irresponsible-women

Australian Police (n.d.). Fantasy – GHB Drug Info. Retrieved 2 March 2017, from http://www.australianpolice.com.au/main-drug-index-section/fantasy-ghb-drug-info/

Brecht, M., O'Brien, A., von Mayrhauser, C., & Anglin, M. (2004). Methamphetamine use behaviors and gender differences. Addictive Behaviors29(1), 89-106.

Cook, B., David, F., & Grant, A. (2001). Sexual Violence in Australia (1st ed.). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.

Dryden, J. (2011). The biology behind alcohol-induced blackoutsThe Source. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from https://source.wustl.edu/2011/07/the-biology-behind-alcoholinduced-blackouts/

Dunlevy, S. (2014). Australia’s sexual assault shameAustralia News. Retrieved 1 March 2017, from http://www.news.com.au/national/australias-sexual-assault-shame-one-in-six-women-a-victim-putting-australia-way-above-world-average/news-story/46e88d9ceac5b354f9a8d1d6e055b2dd

Gilchrist, H., Smith, K., Magee, C. A. & Jones, S. (2012). A hangover and a one-night stand: Alcohol and risky sexual behaviour among female students at an Australian University. Youth Studies Australia, 31 (2), 35-43.

Harvey, S., Hayton, L., Beard, N and Holly, J (2013). Not worth reporting: Women’s experiences of drug-facilitated sexual assault. London: AVA. Retrieved from https://avaproject.org.uk/wp/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Not-worth-reporting-Full-report.pdf

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Sweeney, D. & Liston, R. (2011). The Alcoholic Blackout: Walking, Talking, Unconscious and Lethal (1st ed.). USA: Mnemosync Press.

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part three:
woman's lib


Seo, D., Lacadie, C.M., Tuit, K., Hong, K., Constable, R.T., Sinha, R. (2013). Disrupted Ventromedial Prefrontal Function, Alcohol Craving, and Subsequent Relapse Risk. JAMA Psychiatry, 70(7):727-739.


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Cunha, D. (2015). 'I was fresh meat': how AA meetings push some women into harmful datingThe Guardian. Retrieved 4 March 2017, from http://www.theguardian.com/society/2015/sep/22/alcoholics-anonymous-aa-women-dating-addition-rehab?CMP=soc_567

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Chapman, A. (2012). Genetic research on addiction (1st ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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Devine, M. (2016). Miranda Devine: This Ice Age Has Gone On Too Long. Retrieved 4 March 2017, from http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/news/opinion/miranda-devine-this-ice-age-has-gone-on-too-long/news-story/f68ef4841a1e0271377f5065a44e6b5d

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Horin, A. (2011). Addicts aren't necessarily bad mothers, study findsThe Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 4 March 2017, from http://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/life/addicts-arent-necessarily-bad-mothers-study-finds-20111204-1odfa.html

Kilroy, D. (2016). Women in Prison in AustraliaNational Judicial College of Australia and the ANU College of Law. Retrieved 4 March 2017, from https://njca.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Kilroy-Debbie-Women-in-Prison-in-Australia-paper.pdf

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Lucke, J. & Hall, W. (2012). Under what conditions is it ethical to offer incentives to encourage drug-using women to use long-acting forms of contraception?. Addiction107(6), 1036-1041.

Noffs, M. & Wodak, A. (2016). Rooms with a view to giving ice addicts a futurethe Guardian. Retrieved 4 March 2017, from https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/jun/30/rooms-with-a-view-to-giving-ice-addicts-a-future

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SILMALIS, L. (2016). Drug-addict mothers can get help to keep children thanks to program in NSW Budget. Retrieved 4 March 2017, from http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/drugaddict-mothers-can-get-help-to-keep-children-thanks-to-program-in-nsw-budget/news-story/f3100a5298d752cc53d538f9147c87d7

Spinney, A. (2016). FactCheck Q&A: are Indigenous women 34-80 times more likely than average to experience violence?The Conversation. Retrieved 4 March 2017, from http://theconversation.com/factcheck-qanda-are-indigenous-women-34-80-times-more-likely-than-average-to-experience-violence-61809

Summers, A. (2014). Pru Goward's tender touch brushes women asideThe Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 4 March 2017, from http://www.smh.com.au/comment/pru-gowards-tender-touch-brushes-women-aside-20140626-zsmjr.html

Taplin, S. & Mattick, R. (2011). Child Protection and Mothers in Substance Abuse Treatment. Retrieved 4 March 2017, from https://ndarc.med.unsw.edu.au/resource/child-protection-and-mothers-substance-abuse-treatment

Thomas, L. (2016). Women and Newborn Drug and Alcohol Service breaking stigma attached to substance abuseCommunity News Group. Retrieved 4 March 2017, from http://www.communitynews.com.au/western-suburbs-weekly/news/women-and-newborn-drug-and-alcohol-service-breaking-stigma-attached-to-substance-abuse/

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Vega, C. (2003). Sterilization Offer to Addicts Reopens Ethics IssueNY Times. Retrieved 4 March 2017, from http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/06/nyregion/sterilization-offer-to-addicts-reopens-ethics-issue.html


Blum, L. & Stracuzzi, N. (2004). Gender in the Prozac Nation. Gender & Society18(3), 269-286.

Covington, S. (2008). Women and addiction: A trauma-informed approach. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs40(sup5), 377-385. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02791072.2008.10400665

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Hill, R. (2016). Sex differences in animal models of schizophrenia shed light on the underlying pathophysiology. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews67, 41-56.

Holdcroft, A. (2007). Gender bias in research: how does it affect evidence-based medicine?. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine100(1), 2-3. http://dx.doi.org/10.1258/jrsm.100.1.2

Kuepper, M. (2016). Where are the female mice in drug testing?ResearchGate. Retrieved 4 March 2017, from https://www.researchgate.net/blog/post/where-are-the-female-mice-in-drug-testing

Leamy, M. & Bird, V. Connectedness, Hope and optimism, Identity, Meaning and purpose, and Empowerment (CHIME): a conceptual framework for personal recovery. Retrieved 4 March 2017, from https://www.mindaustralia.org.au/assets/docs/research/Pulsar%20talk%20MLVB%20Australia%20Mind.pdf

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Smith, B. (2016). Why sex matters in scienceThe Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 4 March 2017, from http://www.smh.com.au/technology/sci-tech/why-sex-matters-in-science-20160203-gmknxk.html

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Alim, T., Lawson, W., Feder, A., Iacoviello, B., Saxena, S., & Bailey, C. et al. (2012). Resilience to meet the challenge of addiction: psychobiology and clinical considerations. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews34(4), 506-515.

Hanson, K. (2016). Post-traumatic Growth. Retrieved 4 March 2017, from http://positivepsychology.org.uk/pp-theory/post-traumatic-growth/105-post-traumatic-growth.html

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Rothschild, D. (2016). Ask an Expert: Is "A Drug is A Drug is A Drug" True? The Fix. Retrieved 4 March 2017, from https://www.thefix.com/ask-expert-will-heroin-addict-also-be-alcoholic

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